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Astronomický snímek dne (APOD)

2. duben 2005

Cyg X-1: Může se černá díra vytvořit ve tmě?
Cyg X-1: Může se černá díra vytvořit ve tmě?
Uznání: I. F. Mirabel and I. Rodrigues (IAFE, SAp/CEA)

Popis: The formation of a black hole from the collapsing core of a massive star is thought to be heralded by a spectacular supernova explosion. Such an extremely energetic collapse is also a leading explanation for the mysterious cosmic gamma-ray bursts. But researchers now suggest that the Milky Way's most famous black hole, Cygnus X-1, was born when a massive star collapsed -- without any supernova explosion at all. Their dynamical evidence is summarized in this color image of a gorgeous region in Cygnus, showing Cyg X-1 and a cluster of massive stars (yellow circles) known as Cygnus OB3. Arrows compare the measured direction and speed of Cyg X-1 and the average direction and speed of the massive stars of Cyg OB3. The similar motions indicate that Cyg X-1's progenitor star was itself a cluster member and that its path was not altered at all when it became a black hole. In contrast, if Cyg X-1 were born in a violent supernova it would have likely received a fierce kick, changing its course. If not a supernova, could the formation of the Cyg X-1 black hole have produced a dark gamma-ray burst in the Milky Way?

Klíčová slova: black hole, cyg ob3, cyg x-1, gamma-ray burst, supernova

Originální text (anglicky)

Předcházející: Voda na Marsu Následující: The Galactic Center Radio Arc


Authors & editors: Robert Nemiroff (MTU) & Jerry Bonnell (USRA) ; česky Josef Chlachula
NASA Official: Phillip Newman Specific rights apply. NASA Web Privacy Policy and Important Notices A service of: ASD at NASA/GSFC
& Michigan Tech. U.